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Latin I

Instructor: Mrs Carda (or Miss Shelley)      


World News in Classical Latin

phone: 520 395-0909– it does not take messages and I have no cell phone.  I live in 44 BC.  My dog's name is Barcus Quiglius.


Sign up to take the National Latin Exam by January 2017.  National Latin Exam is given in March.  For details of which level to sign up for, ask me.  The scores of the NLE are recognized by all colleges and universities in this country, as well as by many overseas.  This is proof of accomplishment. 

Course Change for the Advanced Latin section

October 17, 2016

Dear Parents of Advanced Latin students:

This is to confirm what you may have suspected: students in Advanced Latin are not at the advanced level. This is not do to a failure on the part of students or parents, but because self-study curricula do not adequately train the mind to think in the patterns required by Latin.

We apologize for this reorganization, but have decided that the fiction that there was anyone at the Advanced level simply put undue stress on students to perform beyond their true capabilities. 

In order to better equip students to master Latin, effective October 24, 2016, the Advanced Latin class will be merged with Beginning Latin and will become Latin 1, which will meet from 9-11:00am on Mondays. 

Students will continue working from the Oxford Latin Course Part I, which will prepare them to read, write, and understand Latin as they would any other foreign language, requiring only a dictionary for a new word. We should advance into Oxford Latin Course Part II this semester, as anticipated. This will equip students with the skills necessary to sit the National Latin Exam Level I in March. Their transcript scores will reflect their actual knowledge levels. 

For the rest of the semester Mrs Carda will be available from 11:00-12.30 Mondays in the classroom at Thornydale Family Church. Your students may do their Latin homework at that time, so that the schedule change need not upset your original travel arrangements.

Crusaders' chant

Crucem Sanctum Subiit

Crucem sanctam subiit, 

qui infernum confregit, 

accintus est potentia, 

surrexit die tertia. Alleluia 


Surrexit Christus et illuxit populo suo: 

quem redemit sanguine suo. Alleluia! 


Crucem sanctam subiit, 

qui infernum confregit, 

accintus est potentia, surrexit die tertia. Alleluia 


Surrexit Christus iam non moritur: 

mors illi ultra non dominabitur. Alleluia! 


Crucem sanctam subiit, 

qui infernum confregit, accintus est potentia, 

surrexit die tertia. Alleluia 


Surrexit Christus lapidem 

quem reprobaverunt aedificantes: 

hic factus est in caput anguli. Alleluia! 


Crucem sanctam subiit, 

qui infernum confregit, 

accintus est potentia, 

surrexit die tertia. Alleluia

Summer Classics Camp 2017

Latin 1

Preparation for the Spring Term Final Exam to be held on May 1, 2017, 9-11 am

There will be no makeup exam. 

The scope of the exam:

The exam will cover Latin grammar, translation into and out of Latin, and possibly a few conjugations and declensions. There will be selections from the Latin passages in the chapters we have covered in Oxford books 1 and 2, as well as a passage that you have never seen. There will be a few sentences to translate into Latin, too, just to keep that part of your brain from dozing off. 

How to study for a language exam:

If you have been able to read the Latin readings in each chapter, then you will be able to read the selections from those same passages for your exam. 

If you did not bother to read all the Latin passages in each chapter, then read them now. I guarantee you that material from those passages will comprise the majority of your exam.  If there is a horrible sentence that cannot possibly be turned into reasonable English, that is the sentence that will certainly appear on your exam. Translate it now. If you need help with a sentence, feel free to email me about it. 

Make sure that you know what the different tenses look like, because I will require precise translations on this exam: percolopavit means 'he walloped'; percolopaverat means 'he hadwalloped'. The two forms are not interchangable. 

How long?

The exam will run from 9-11 am, and should take about one hour. If you are particularly clever it will take less time. If you doze off during it you may need the full 2 hours. 

You will need:

to have eaten breakfast. Healthy and untempting snacks are permitted if your brain tires easily. Do not foolishly wave muffins in front of the examiner. 

Pencils with erasers. Don't even dream of trying to do this exam in pen.

Paper will be provided. 

No cell phones will be permitted anywhere in sight during the exam. No exceptions to this. 

Summer updates

For those students intending to enter Latin 2 in the fall semester, there will be intermittent Latin Club meetings and summer exercises emailed to keep your brains limber and your Latin fresh and functional. There is no charge for this torment service. Request it if you are interested.

Week of April 17-24

Grammar: exercises 20.1, 20.3, and 20.4, due by noon on Friday, April 21.

Translation: read Ludus Orbilii, pp 26-7

Review: Perfect tense of all verbs up through chapter 19. This means know what is on your verb cards.

Latin 1

Chapter 19

Yellowboxes for week of April 10-17

Because this is Holy Week and most of you will be preparing for Easter, the assignments are light. This is all the more reason to pay attention to the verb cards that seem to have been dreadfully overlooked. DO THEM. MEMORIZE THEM. You cannot make sense of Latin without the verbs. This is also true of other vocabulary. Words are important to language, so learn them. 

Vocabulary: Memorize the new vocabulary in green box on p 18.

Also learn the weirdest verb I can think of : fero ferre tuli latus. Be aware of the way the Pluperfect will form with such a verb: 3rd principal part (tul) + impf of be > tuleram = I had borne. This is why you must learn the principal parts. 

Grammar: Work on new perfect stems of the verbs on p 120. Do exercises 19.3, 19.4, and 19.7. 

Begin to apply the Pluperfect (also known as Past Perfect) using the perfect stem + imperfect of to be

e.g., petiv [sought]+eram = I had sought

amav [loved]+eratis = they had loved

cepi [captured]+eramus = we had captured

percolopav [walloped]+erant = they had walloped 

On Easter Monday I will bring in a very interesting reading in Latin, and we will go through it in class.

Because I am sick and you have not memorized your perfect verbs, this seems like a good time to make a simple assignment: memorize, and I mean MEMORIZE, the perfect stems of verbs.  
You are responsible for knowing three principal parts ofall the verbs you have had this year, up through chapter 18. 
Most ofyou seem to know the -are perfect stems (amare, portare, spectare), and you seem to have some grasp of the -Ere verbs, like movere, docere, habere, videre.  

But many of you are still wobbly on the 3rd conjugation and 4th conjugation perfects. Facere, dicere, regere, capere, and ducere; audire, sinere, venireare excellent examples of what you have to deal with. And remember, when there is a prefix attached to verbs, the perfect will still usually reflect the perfect stem of the original verb.

So update your verb cards and memorize 3 principal parts of verbs this week, and I hope to see that you have been diligent.

Week of April 3-10

Word of the Day

Latin 1

Yellowboxes for Mar 27-April 3

Nothing new here: learn the vocabulary, update your verb cards and memorize the principal parts, do the grammar exercises, read the Latin section and be prepared to read and translate it in class. 

Vocabulary: memorize new words in green box on p 18. 

Grammar: Study exercises 18.1,18.3, and 18.6.  Make sure you know which tense each word is.  You need not write these out, just know them. 

Write out exercises 18.2, 18.4, 18.5, and 18.7, and send them to meby noon, Friday March 31. 

Translation: Read over Latin passages on pp 13-15, and be prepared to translate them in class on Monday. 

Read: the English cultural passage on pp 15-16 because a) it is cultural and b) it is in English.

Nota bene: Quite a few of the vocabulary quizzes this past Monday were abysmal because people are not bothering to notice what the perfect stems of the verbs are.  You cannot just invent these, you know; there is reality to be dealt with. 

Go to the Latin vocabulary section of your book, pp 164-172, and look up each verb by the first person singular. That is how verbs in Latin are listed.  For capio, look up capio.  

Then look at what is written for the principal parts of each verb: yes, with your very eyes.  Then copy the principal parts, exactly as they appear on the page, onto your verb cards. 

Then memorize them, just as they appear before you.

Science News

from research organizations

Using Latin to analyse other languages


March 27, 2017




A researcher has figured out why Latin still turned up in many documents in the 17th to 19th centuries, even though it had not been a spoken language for a long time. During that period, Latin served as an instrument for translating languages that had hitherto been little known in Western culture.


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The Latin translation next to the Arabic text helps represent the grammar and contents structure of the original better than a direct German translation would have done.

Credit: © RUB, Damian Gorczany

Bochum-based philologist Prof Dr Reinhold Glei has figured out why Latin still turned up in many documents in the 17th to 19th centuries, even though it had not been a spoken language for a long time. During that period, Latin served as an instrument for translating languages that had hitherto been little known in Western culture.

Scholars recreated the foreign-language sentences with the aid of Latin, thus crafting a text upon which further analyses could be based. In doing so, translators didn't have to conform to specific linguistic rules of the Latin language, because native speakers no longer existed who might have taken exception to an unusual syntax in Latin.

Arabic, Chinese, Sanskrit: novel sentence structures in those languages posed a challenge to scholars in the Early Modern Period. "Had the foreign-language texts been translated into, for example, German, the translator would have been restricted by the respective grammatical structures. Using Latin, the translators had more freedom," elaborates Glei.

Representing linguistic structures

The philologist refers to this method as epilanguage; the Greek word epi translates as "on" or "above." Latin was superimposed over the foreign language. Thus, translators were able to represent the unfamiliar structures.

Reinhold Glei compiled his results by studying Arabic, Chinese and Persian texts and their respective translations from the period between the 17th and 19th centuries. He analysed, for example, various Quran translations. By comparing excerpts from the Latin translations with the originals, Glei identified to what extent the Latin versions reflected the structure of the original language.

An advantage of using the epilanguage was that it enabled translators to draw up neutral texts, before translating them into their respective vernacular language. "When Christians initially translated the Quran, the texts they created were for the most part ideologically charged. This resulted in corrupted translations," he says. Using Latin as epilanguage did not wholly eradicate the problem, but it was possible to represent the structure of the Arabic language in a more neutral manner.

Future perspectives

Research into epilanguage is still in its early stages. Reinhold Glei intends to analyse additional Latin translations from various languages, in order to gain a better grasp of the function of epilanguage. Glei also wishes to study another world language, namely Ancient Greek, in greater detail. His first impression is: "Ancient Greek appears to occur less frequently as epilanguage. This might be because the language is not dead; it lives on in Modern Greek."

Story Source:

Materials provided by Ruhr-Universitaet-BochumNote: Content may be edited for style and length.

Hello patient parents!
Euge!  It is time for the Latin 1 students to move into Book 2 of the Oxford Latin Series.  Please make sure you have the SECOND EDITION (yellow, clearly marked Second Edition on the cover) in hand by March 13.  We don't have a lot of time left this year, but we can make some serious headway into the next level before May.

Yellowbox for week of March 20th and 27th


Chapter 17 Verb Tenses

This is a complex chapter, and we will spend 2 weeks on it.

Vocabulary: Learn new vocabulary in green box on page 7. There will, of course, be a quiz on this.

Grammar: read carefully the sections on the Imperfect and Perfect tenses, pp 112-114.

Do exercises 17.1, 17.2, 17.3, 17.4, 17.5, 17.6, and 17.7. Do not do more than 2 exercises each day. Review the work of the preceding day before starting the new work; if you find errors (and you will), correct them before going on.

The perfect tense of 3rd conjugation verbs shows all sorts of mutations to the stem. This is a major feature of the 3rd conjugation.

Verb Cards: Add the perfect 1st person to your verb cards as the 3rd principal part, and then make sure you know the 3 principal parts of all the verbs in your collection. Yes, this means that you have to do a lot of memory work. Life is very hard.

Translation: There is enough translation in the exercise pages, so the translation passage on p. 8 will be part of next week's homework assignment. This means that you should be doubly careful doing the grammar, and we will concentrate on it in class on the 20th.

Feb 27-March 12

Iter Musaicum Washingtonianum


Yellowboxes for week of Mar 6-13, 2017

Oxford Latin part I, chapter 16: THE LAST CHAPTER!

Vocabulary: Learn vocabulary in purple box on p 102, and be prepared for the usual quiz. 

Grammar exercises: There are no grammar exercises! Use the time to read the translation more carefully.

Translation: Translate the entire Cloelia Virtus passage on pp 102-103, and write out lines 18-28 to be handed in at class time. Be able to answer the 5 questions on p 103 about the story. If you want to be spectacular, be able to answer them in Latin.

Additional reading: Read the passage on Hannibal, pp 104-107. This general was very interesting, so pay attention. It is in English, so no whining.

Read the [English] prison diary of St Perpetua and the witness's account of her martyrdom:

Due to our dalliance over the pleasures of Part I, we will not begin Part II until March 13. 

Latin 1

Yellowboxes for Feb 27-March 6.


Vocabulary quiz over chapter 15. Really.  I promise.  It has been pointed out to me that you have twice been quizzed on chapter 14 vocabulary.  So how come not everyone has 100% on this quiz?

Grammar: Prepare exercise 15.1 to do orally in class.  

Write out exercises 15.2, 15.3, 15.4, 15.5 and email them to me in a document by noon on Friday, March 3.  

Memorize the highly irregular and ubiquitous verbs volo-velle, nolo-nolle, and pay particular attention to the imperative forms Noli and Nolite, p 140. 

Also learn the irregular imperatives dic, duc, fer, and fac (plurals: dicite, ducite, ferte, and facite.) 

Learn the ipse chart(p 140) and review hic haec hoc (the angry geese declension, p 141).  Be able to recite these as fast as double-greased lightning. 

For those who have been working diligently on your verbs for the verb exam, I think we will subsume it under your final exam, simply because you are all taking the National Latin Exam between now and March 17.  That is probably enough fun for the time being.  So you have a reprieve.  

For those who have been shamelessly shirking learning their verbs, you seem to have come under lucky stars.  Remember that lucky stars vanish on May 1, the Final Exam.  Then diligence will receive its reward. 

Translation: Read and understand Cincinnatus, pp 94-96.  Write outCincinnatus Romam Servat, p 98 to be handed in at class time, Mar 6.

For those who wish to test their newly-acquired Latin skills, try reading Appendix: Ciceronis filius, on pp 142-144.  You should be able to do it without to much trouble.  If it is incomprehensible, study harder.  If it is easy, CONGRATULATIONS.  

Assignments for Latin 1, Feb 13-27Oxford Latin, chapter 14

Because there is a lot of memory work required, it is fortunate that you have 2 weeks in which to do it. Do not put it off until the last day of the last week. Start now, and do a chunk each day.Been there, done this.

Vocabulary: Continue preparing for your verbs test on March 6. Do this now, weekly, systematically, calmly, and DO NOT leave it until the night before. 

Memorize the Chapter 15 vocabulary on p 95 for the customary quiz on Feb 27. No new spooks here. 

Memorize the pronouns in Chapter 14, pp 137-138. For this 2-week period (since there is no Latin class on Feb 20) memorizeis, ea, id and hic, haec, hoc on the Pronoun Memorization Sheet. Be able to rattle them off at high speed. This will impress your parents and teacher. It also will guarantee that you can find them in your brain when you need them. 

Grammar: Write out exercises 14.1, 14.2, 14.3, 14.4, 14.5 and send them to me as a .doc by noon on Friday, Feb 24th. Late papers will not be accepted. 

Translation: Read Parilia on pp 88-89, and Quintus milites spectat on p 91. Write out the translation of lines 11-15 on p 91, to be handed

Cultural background: Read pages 91-93 on Roman religion. No whining, it is in English.

Assignments for Latin 1, Feb 6-13

Start preparing for your vocabulary test on March 6.  Group the verbs in categories depending on their stem word (e.g., facere>ficere), and on their conjugation groups. A lot of 'new' verbs are just the old ones with new prefixes. 

Vocabulary: learn the vocabulary for chapter 14 for your weekly vocab quiz on the 13th.

Memorize the qui quae quod section of the Pronoun memorization sheet. Be able to recite this in one breath at high speed while standing. Two breaths may be allowed in extreme cases. 

Grammar: Write out chapter 13 exercises 13.2, 13.3, 13.4, 13.5 and email them to me by NOON ON FRIDAY, FEB 10. 

Translation:  Read the Fabula Tristis on pp 81-82.  Read Psyche perdit on pp 82-3, and write out translation for lines 11-15 on p 83 to hand in at the end of class. 

Cultural background:  Read the pages on the Olympian gods pp 83-6.  No whining, it is in English.

Yellowboxes for Feb 6, 2017

Vocabulary: Know the vocabulary for chapter 12, found in the purple box on p. 74. Be able to conjugate the verbs and to decline the nouns. THERE WILL, OF COURSE, BE A QUIZ.

For heaven's sake, pay attention to which conjugation the verbs belong to!  Go to p. 149 if you need some help with this. There is a useful chart showing which infinitive endings go with which conjugation patterns.

Grammar exercises: Do exercises 12.1, 12.2, and 12.4. 

Translation: Read over and understand Infelix Dido and Mors Didonispassages, pp. 74-75.

Write out lines 4-13 of Mors Didonis to hand in at the end of class. PICK OUT THE WORST LINE FOR CLASS DISCUSSION. 

Read over and prepare to act out in class the play: Aeneas Didonem deserit on p. 76. 

LISTEN to the excerpts from the opera Dido and Aeneas composed by Henry Purcell around 1688. This is a very early opera, but one of the most often performed operas in the world because of its beauty and because it is only about an hour long. 

Come away, fellow sailors (Aeneas):

When I am laid in earth (Dido):

If you find that you love it, you can listen to the entire opera in less that 1 hour:


Yellowboxes for week of Jan 23, 2017

Latin 1

Learn chapter 12 vocabulary for Monday Jan 30's weekly vocabulary quiz. Know Nom. and Gen. singular of all nouns, and 1st person singular, infinitive, and conjugation pattern of verbs. 

Grammar: Write out Chapter 11 exercises (pp 131-132): 11.1, 11.2, 11.3, 11.4, 11.5 and send in some typed .doc form by noon on Friday Jan 27, 2017.  No late papers will be accepted. 

Translation:  Read The meeting of Dido and Aeneas, p 69, and Aeneas tells of the fall of Troy, p 70.  Pick out THE WORST SENTENCE for class discussion. 

Write out translation of lines 23-30 on p. 69, to be handed in after class.  

Read Dido Queen of Carthage, pp 71-72.  It is in English, so it is easy. No howling permitted.

Yellowboxes for the week of Jan 30 2017

Latin 1

Weekly vocab quiz on words in Chapter 12

Know nouns in Nom and Gen sing. forms INCLUDING THE GENDER. 

Know 1st person, infinitive, and conjugation pattern of verbs. 

Grammar exercises: Write out chapter 12 exercises 12.1, 12.2, 12.3, 12.4 and send them to me in some .doc form by noon on Friday, Jan 27.  I will not accept late papers.  

Translation: Read and understand Infelix Dido and Mors Dido., pp 74-75.  Write out translation of lines 4-13 inMors Dido, to be handed in after class. Pick out the WORST SENTENCES for class discussion. 

Yellowboxes for Latin 1, Jan 16-22

Vocabulary: Learn the vocabulary for Chapter 11 (purple box, page 68) for the weekly vocabulary quiz on Monday 23 Jan. 

Grammar: Type out the chapter 10 grammar exercises 10.1-10.4, and send them to me by Friday noon. Do a good job on them, because each response = 1 point. Don't be lazy about this!

Translation: Read AND UNDERSTAND the Latin passage pp. 61-62 about Polyphemus, and type out the translation of lines 21-30 on p. 62. We will spend some time on it in class next week. If you find a very hard section, bring it up.  If you don't ask, you won't learn. 

Read and speak out loud the little play on p. 63.  We will act it out in class next week. 

Background reading: Read the passage on the Aeneid (it is in English--no moaning!), pp.64-66.

Review for Latin 1 Final, December 12, 2016
Review conjugations 1-3, present, imperfect, and perfect tenses: amare, docere, ponere or any from their textbook, chapters 1-8. You will be required to conjugate a verbs from these conjugations in all or any of the tenses listed here. KNOW THEM. 

Reveiw declensions 1-3: e.g., fortis puella, bonus dux, longum bellum, parvus equus, ignavus puer, or any from their textbook, chapters 1-8.  Any combination of adjective and noun from these declensions in the chapters covered in the textbook this semester will be fair game.  KNOW THEM.   

Prepare the passage "The ransom of Hector" from textbook, p.52.  You may prepare this at home, but will have to translate it from memory on the exam.  BE PREPARED.

Another translation passage from the work covered this term will also be on the final exam.  READ THE LATIN IF YOU HAVE NOT ALREADY DONE SO. 

There will be a passage to be translated from English into Latin, based on the material covered this term and the materials listed above. Say your prayers.

Latin 1 Yellowboxes for Nov 28-Dec 5
Vocabulary: learn the vocabulary and make verb cards for the words in the purple box at the beginning of Oxford Latin chapter 8, if you have not already done so.  

Grammar: Oxford Latin Chapter 8, read grammar and write out exercises 8.1, 8.2, 8.4, 8.5, 8.6.
Then read Chapter 9 on the Genitive case, and on the formation of adverbs from adjectives, pp 126-127.  Write out exercises 9.1 and 9.2.`

Read or complete the reading in chapter 8 about the death of Hector, pp 50-52. Read the comic for chapter 9. 

Work on the Fiendish Sentences a few at a time throughout the week.  Doing them all at once will guarantee that you make mistakes.  Remember, you are working for PERFECTION on these sentences. 
Good Luck.  You will need it.

Learn the vocabulary for chapters 7 and 8.  I MEAN KNOW IT.  There are a lot of people not knowing the words they are reading.  Think about each word as you learn it, and think about any words similar in English. Thinking will not kill you nearly as fast as you hope it will. 

Do all the grammar exercises (middle of the book) for Chapter 8. If there are words in parentheses which need to be changed in case or number, DO IT. 

Read the Latin passages (front of the book) for Chapter 8, and understand them.  If you have questions, write them down and bring them to class; you know how I love questions. If they are really good questions and they make your Latin grind to a halt, email me or skype me.  We don't want anything to bring your Latin to a halt. 

I will post more Pay Attention sentences for Nov 28th class.  Check back toward the end of the week to make sure you see them. 

Have a very nice Thanksgiving.

Week of November 7 - 14

Print out and complete Pay Attention Sentences. Due Nov. 14

Week of October 31- Nov 7, 2016

Oxford Latin Course, part I
Chapter 7

Vocabulary:  Learn the vocabulary in the purple box in Chapter 7. MAKE THE VERB CARDS. 

Grammar: Write out the grammar exercises for chapter 7(middle of the book). Pay particular attention to the case and verb endings. Things are getting more complicated now. 

Translation: Read the Latin passages for chapter 7, and understand them.  If you have any questions about difficult passages, bring them to class.  You know how I love questions.

Week of Oct 24-31:

Oxford Latin Series Chapter 6. 
Learn new vocabulary on p 38.  There will be a delightful Halloween quiz on this.

Be sure to make your new verb cards and BRING THEM TO CLASS ON HALLOWEEN. 


Write out exercises 6.1, 6.2, 6.3, 6.4, 6.5, 6.6, 6.7 on pp 117-120.  To be handed in on Monday



Read all Latin passages on pp 38-40.  Have at least 2 questions to discuss in class on parts that are hard to understand. Surely you can find 2 tricky passages. 
Prepare oral Latin responses to questions on p 40 at the top--Responde Latine

Read all the English language passages on Roman education because reading English is easy compared to reading Latin.

Oxford Latin Series Part I, Chapter 5
Vocabulary: Make verb cards and learn the new vocabulary in the purple box at the beginning of the chapter.  
Grammar:  pp 114-117, write out exercises 5.1, 5.2, 5.3, 5.4, 5.5, 5.6, 5.7.  
Translation: Read and translate Market Day, p 31. You need not write out the translation, but mark any particularly confusing passages so that we can go over them in class. 
(Be sure to read the glosses in the margins for strange words in the passage. These expand your understanding but need not be memorized with the usual purple box vocabulary list.) 
Read the play To the fish stall, p 33.  Pick a role so that we can act it out in class. Learning to haggle over prices in Latin is essential. Practice out loud.
English explanations: Of course, read all the English text because reading English is easy.  

Beginning Latin = Latin 1

Work due Monday, October 10, 2016

Oxford Latin book 1, chapter 4 grammar (pp 112-114)

We are working on nouns of the 1st and 2nd declensions, examples mustela, equus, puer, and all the other usual words.  

New vocabulary: Remember to learn (meaning MEMORIZE) the new vocabulary on p. 25 in the front of your Oxford text.  Review your old vocabulary.

Grammar exercises:  4.1, 4.2, 4.3, 4.4, 4.5.  Write these outto turn in on Monday. Fail not herein at your peril. 

Reading:  Remember that you are responsible for ALL the Latin readings in the front of the book, even if we do not have time to go over them in class.  You will find chunks of them on your tests. Fail not herein at your peril. 

If, during your reading, you find a spot that 'doesn't make sense' (allow me to correct you, dear children: everything in this book makes sense), 

  • mark it and bring it up at the beginning of class, or 
  • email me immediately if you can't wait until Monday to know the meaning.  I love to show you how things make sense. 

Latin 1 for Oct 3 2016

Assignment 1      Assignment 2

Pardon, pardon for the delay.  I thought yellowboxes referred to Cheerios.  Meum malum. 

I assume that everyone now has the books required for this semester: Oxford Latin Series, vols 1 and 2, 2nd edition ONLY. 

To date we have been working on: 

Verbs: 3rd person singular, present tense of verbs, -āre conjugation (e.g., vastat from vastare)

Nouns: Nominative and Accusative case singular for nouns of the 1st and 2nd declensions. (e.g., mustela> mustelam; equus>equum)

and the occasional adjective. 

Quiz 1 will be on Oct 3, 2016

To keep you all diligent in memorizing vocabulary, there will be a vocabulary quiz in class on Monday, October 3.  

I will select an assortment of the words in the Oxford Latin Series, vol 1, from the purple vocabulary boxes in the first 3 chapters, as well as the words on the introductory vocabulary sheet handed out in class, and posted as well in the Yellowboxes.  The quiz words are in the readings sections in the front half of the book as well as the words we use for class sentences.  

Verbs, nouns, adjectives, and conjunctions from both the textbook and the class list will all be fair game on the quiz.  Nolite ululare! Do not howl; there are a lot of duplications in the 2 lists.  

Study hint: Learning vocabulary from English > Latin is much more effective than learning from Latin > English. 

After the quiz we will begin the translation passage for Chapter 3, and will go over the grammar exercises from Chapter 3 grammar (at the middle of the book). These were assigned last week, so you should be well into the material by now.  Read through the Latin passages at home, and be prepared to read your translation aloud in class. 

I will not require that you hand in written translations, but since large chunks of tests and quizzes will be taken directly from the translations, you would be very wise to read every single word of Latin that you find in your textbook.