September 11, 2017
Grammar homework: due Thursday, Sept 21 @1pm via email: chapter 21, exercises 21.1, 21.2, 21.3, 21.4.
Vocabulary quiz will be a new and exciting BOARD GAME on Monday, Sept 25.
Translation: Due in class Monday, Sept 25. Read and understand all Chapter 21 Latin>English translations. If there is a sentence which seems to make no sense at all, THAT IS WHAT WE LIKE TO DISCUSS IN CLASS. Mark it and we will jump on it.
Cultural readings in English: Read them all because it is ENGLISH, for heaven's sake. This is not homework, it is FUN.
Verb cards: Bring them sometimes so that I can use different collections to quiz the class. Worse case scenario: I make upmy own because no one has brought any. You really do not want to have me cruising through what I consider to be 'essential verbs'. Percolopare is the least of your worries; I could wander into perfodio or transfigo. You choose or I choose.
September 18, 2017
September 25, 2017
- Do the grammar exercises for chapters 22 and 23, since 22 has only 3 exercises.
- Do only the L>E translation for chapter 22 for next Monday.
- Learn the vocabularies for chapters 22 and 23.
- Look at and learn the VERY INTERESTING VERB fero ferre tuli latus. Yes, it is very odd. And it has all sorts of peculiar variants, too, suchas aufero auferre abstuli ablatus, or the more ordinary transfero transferre transtuli translatus.
- We will play with fero ferre tuli latus and other verbs on the board next week. We will do the translation for chapter 23 on October 9.
If anyone is interested in doing ORAL LATIN, yes, that is speaking what you have been reading, starting on Monday, Oct 2, come at 10 am to room 3 and we can start doing dialogues in Latin. Spoken Latin is becoming fashionable once again, and you can start using all the grammar you have stuffed into your heads in exciting conversations. This is just for fun, for 2nd year Latin students only, and it is free. If there is interest, we will continue all year. If you don't like it, we will stop.
October 2, 2017
Because we did not get into the translation of chapter 23 on Monday, Oct 2, we will cover that extensively on Monday, Oct 9.
Read and have translate all the Latin>English passages in Chapter 23 of your textbook.
Be prepared for the promised vocabulary quiz over chapters 22 and 23. You know how valuable it is to actually know what words mean without having to look them up.
When the entire class is back and running, we will move into the grammar of chapter 24. This means that you will have read over and thought about the uses of the Ablative case which have been discussed in the past 2 chapters.
The Ablative case is very, very interesting. Thinking about why someone or something is reduced to the status of a tool in a sentence (which means in the speaker's thinking) is what status (or lack thereof) is all about.
October 9, 2017
Chapter 24 Vocabulary: learn (memorize) the new vocabulary for chapter 24. Be prepared for a vocabulary quiz.
Chapter 24 Grammar:
Read and MEMORIZE the irregular comparative and superlative forms of common adjectives. They are no more regular than English common adjectives, so don't complain or feel abused. I defy you to make sense of'little, smaller, itsy-bitsy/ teeniest'. Be prepared for a quiz.
Do ALL the grammar exercises: 24.1-24.4. Not much to do here, so do it WELL.
Memorize the quidam quaedam quoddam declensions shown on p. 88 of the Oxford VOLUME 1, RED book, and also conveniently supplied below.
This seems to have slipped from people's minds over the summer. Cannot imagine why.
quidam quaedam quoddam N quidam quaedam quaedam
quemdam quamdamquoddam Acc quosdam quasdam quaedam
cuiusdam cuiusdamcuiusdam Gen quorumdamquarumdam quorumdam
cuidam cuidam cuidam Dat quibusdam quibusdam quibusdam
quodam quadam quodam Abl quibusdam quibusdam quibusdam
Translation: Do ALL the L>E translation passages, and be prepared to do them on the board.
Latin 2 grammar exercises due Thursday 10-12-17 by noon
October 16, 2017
Lots of work to do on 3rd declension adjectives and irregular comparisons! Also it is a good idea to review your verb cards, since people seem to be remiss in that area, for the most part.
This week your homework is to be written out, by hand, because that is so very good for your brain, especially with irregular forms. Writing out standing in front of a board is excellent practice, if you care to go for the gold.
Latin 2 Yellowboxes for October 16-23
Due Oct 19, 2017
Grammar: Chapter 24
Decline the following phrases in the positive (given below), the comparative, and the superlative, singular and plural. Take careful note of gender and declension. Write them out by hand and scan them to me. I want to make sure you do not skip the writing-out step.
You may need to check gender on some nouns of the 3rd declension, but you should have the adjective endings memorized by now. I am not joking.
Grammar: Chapter 25
Read Chapter 25, pp 132-133
Irregular superlatives and comparison of adverbs.
Do exercise 25.1, p 132. Write it out by hand and scan it to me.
Translation: Review chapter 24 translation and make sure you understand all the forms. We will go over it on the 23rd.
There seems to be a lot of confusion about comparative and superlative adjectives. Here is more explanation and some additional exercises for those who wish to become seriously confident with this tricky subject.
Write out the exercises by hand and bring them to class on Monday OR email them to me if you want instant correction and peace of mind. If your mother says you don't need any more homework because you are perfect just as you are, you need not do the exercises.
October 23, 2017
Attached are the assignments for Latin, due from October 26-30, 2017.
It is all the usual fun stuff, vocabulary, grammar, translation, and a couple of spiffy new charts that I made myself!
October 30, 2017
Attached are the assignments AND the totally delightful spreadsheet of various pronoun declensions to memorize.
I always think of 'hic-haec-hoc-hunc' as something rather like 'fee-fi-fo-fum'. And it is very hard not to enjoy something that ends like a flock of angry geese: 'his-his-his-his-his-his'. Memorize these and go around the house reciting them quam celerrime!
November 6, 2017
Chapter 27Assignments Nov 9-13, 2017
Grammar: Exercises 27.1, 27.2, and 27.3. Due as a .doc or similar by 1 pm on Thursday, November 16. Back to the normal due date because there are no frolics this week.
Translation: Finish the chapter 26 reading Caesaris Funus. Pay attention to the participles, now that you know how to deal with them. Look for ferrets in the passage.
Read Latin > English passage Quintus Athenas navigare parat, pp 72-74. Be prepared to translate it in class, and to read and act out the Idus Martiae fabella on pp. 74-5. It will be FUN.
Participle sentences, repeated.
Since no one has yet made up or sent me 3 sentences using participles (in Latin), now is a good time to do this brief and entertaining bit of composition. They can be about anything you like, but each must have a present active participle. (That is what we were doing all day, in case you forgot.)
November 13, 2017
Chapter 27, Future tense and future perfect tense
Assignments Nov 13-27, 2017
Grammar: Exercises 27.4, 27.5, and 27.6. Due as a .doc or similar by 1 pm on Friday, November 17.
Translation: Translate and be prepared to discuss Quintus Athenas navigare parat, pp 72-74. You need not send in a written translation, but you certainly ought to have read it through thoroughly, and to understand all the words and grammar. If there is a terrible part, I want to hear about it from you. You know how I love the terrible parts.
Be competent in all the verbs from chapters 25, 26, and 27. This means to know the first 3 principle parts, and to be able to conjugate all the tenses we have had. DOING YOUR VERB CARDS MIGHT HELP WITH THIS.
Celebrating: Set aside your Latin over Thanksgiving and be thankful. Then be thankful on Monday the 27th when you come back to Latin class.
November 27, 2017
Assignments will be due on Thursday, November 30, 1 post meridiem in a document form.
Final Exam will be on Monday, December 12, 2017, 10.30-12.10.
Verb card review for Final Exam: Know verbs from chapters 25-29 in all tenses and voices and moods that we have studied. This will account for a significant portion of your Final Exam because if you don't know verb tenses, you are toast when it comes to reading.
Grammar: Chapter 28, exercises 28.2, 28.3, 28.4. Chapter 29, exercises 29.1, 29.2, 29.3 #1-4
Read Chapter 30 introduction to the Passive voice of verbs. The important thing to remember is that in the Active voice of verbs (the usual way sentences work), the subject [in the Nominative case] does the verb which acts upon the Direct Object [which is in the Accusative].
In the Passive voice, the subject is in the Nominative, but is acted upon by the verb with a passive suffix, controlled by some agent in the Ablative. The verb has a suffix to show that it is passive.
In short, in the Active voice, the subject does the action.
In the Passive voice, the subject receives the action.
E.g.: Active voice: Mustela Maxima pinguem ducem percolopat. The Great Weasel wallops the tubby general.
Passive voice: Pinguis dux percolopatur Mustelā Maximā. The tubby general is being walloped by the Great Weasel.
Active voice: Caesar oppugnat Gallos. Caesar attacks/ is attacking the Gauls.
Passive voice: Galli oppugnantur ā Caesare. The Gauls are [being] attacked by Caesar.
Memory work: These are the suffixes for the Passive voice. Memorize them and be able to recite them at top speed: -r, -ris, -tur, -mur, -mini, -ntur
December 4, 2017
Hi all parents,
As requested, I am holding a review for the Latin 2 semester exam. It is voluntary, non-obligatory, extra credit, and focused on answering grammar questions and translating the Latin passages of chapter 28, which will comprise a chunk of the semester exam next Monday, Dec 11.
The review session will begin at 9, continue to 11 am, and will be in our usual classroom. All are invited for however long you wish to stay. If you have one question, you might just send it to me via email. Otherwise, come and get a grammatical run-through as we read the translation passage.
The final will also have grammar questions on all the most horrid parts of grammar we have covered this semester. There is simply no point in asking the easy stuff, but I may toss some in, just to stifle the howls.
Verb conjugation questions will focus on verbs from chapters 24-28, though all verbs from all preceding chapters are fair game.
December 11, 2017
January 8, 2018
Vocabulary: memorize the new vocabulary in the green boxes on pp 84 and 90.
Verb Cards: add the 4th principal part--Perfect Passive Participle-- to your verb cards, and be able to tell me how it is translated.
Grammar: Chapter 29: exercises here should be read and understood, but need not be handed in. Pay attention to how they are used, so that you can explain them when we meet them in the readings.
Chapter 30, exercises 30.1, 30.2, 30.3, 30.5, due online by 1 pm, Thursday, Jan 11.
Translations: Chapter 29 reading, pp 84-86; English cultural material pp 87-88.
Read and be able to explain any and all sentences and constructions in the readings from these pages.
Chapter 30 reading: Read through line 22 on p 90.
Review declensions and conjugations: People were iffy on the declensions and the present tenses today. Come on, folks, you were only out a month. You do not have permission to forget the basics in such a short period of time.
January 15, 2017
Be sure to have signed up for the National Latin Exam by Jan 20th, Latin II level. www.nle.org
Since we will be moving into the Subjunctive Mood in February, you must be ROCK SOLID on the indicative mood conjugations of verbs. This means it is time to perfect all the annoying little verb things that have been ignored, in hopes that they would go away. That is not going to happen. To aid you in mastering the details there will be a test of the basics.
Verb Mastery Test, January 29, 2018
This will be on the 4 principal parts of all the verbs you are supposed to know by now, and which ought to be on your verb cards by this time. You are expected to know the verbs which have appeared in the vocabulary boxes in books I and II of the Oxford Latin Course. Naturally, this will inspire panic, but if you have done your verb cards with any regularity, you should be able to do this test without too much trouble.
This test will include:
present, imperfect and future tenses [all formed from the 1st principal part],
infinitive [2nd principal part], which allows you to know in which conjugation a verb resides
perfect tenses [all formed from the 3rd principal part], and
perfect passive participles (also known as verbal adjectives), formed from the 4th principal part.
Grammar: Chapter 30, exercise 30.8, p 142. Write out the translations of these verbs, making sure you get the tenses correct. This is good practice for the upcoming Verb Mastery Test on January 29.
Chapter 31 Exercises: 31.1, 31.2, 31.3, 31.4 pp 143-144 All written exercises due via email by 1 pm, Thursday, January 18, 2018.
Chapter 31, verbs formed from perfect passive participles. Pp 142-143
If you see a verb with 2 parts to it, you are looking at some tense of a perfect verb.
These are relatively simple: take a perfect passive participle [verbal adjective] and add some tense of the verb “to be” esse, to make a real verb. Yes, you have been trying to do this all week, and now you get your chance. In effect, you will go from saying “the beloved weasel” mustela amata, to saying “the weasel was beloved” mustela amata est.
Mustela amata est. The weasel was loved.
To get a perfect verb by using a present tense of the verb "to be" esse seems contradictory, but just remember that the present passive endings are -r, -ris, -tur, -mur, -mini, -ntur. Mustela amatur. The weasel is loved. Just remember, if you see the verb has 2 parts and one of them is a verb of being, you are looking at some form of a perfect.
Adding the Present tense of the verb esse [sum, es, est, sumus, estis, sunt, all of which you should know perfectly by now] makes the perfect tense.Mustela amata est—the weasel was loved; the weasel has been loved.
Adding the Imperfect tense of the verb esse [eram, eras, erat, eramus,eratis, erant] makes a pluperfect [past perfect] verb. Mustela amata erat—the weasel had been loved.
Adding the Future tense of the verb esse [ero, eris, erit, erimus, eritis, erunt] makes a future perfect verb. Mustela amata erit—the weasel will have been loved.
Translation: Chapter 29 Academia pp 84-85; questions p 86 Responde Latine. Yes, it does mean that you have to answer the questions in Latin. We will go over this passage in class on Jan 22. I will collect your Latin responses to the questions in class on Monday, January 22.
This is a fun chapter, about the world famous Academy at Athens, where logic and rhetoric and philosophy were taught to aspiring Roman politicians, and about the things that were more interesting to some young men than philosophy and rhetoric.
January 22, 2017
Remember that the dreaded Verb Mastery Test is coming up on January 29. Know your verbs, all 4 principal parts and what is formed from them, inside out and upside down.
Grammar: Review of passive constructions: ex. 32.2, 32.4
Pull your grammar together and read lines 121-164 from Cena Trimalchionis, enjoying the story of the werewolf.
For the following week, read the Latin passages on pp 97-99 and 103-105. Be sure to read the ENGLISH passages of cultural relevance, because reading English is easy.
January 29, 2017
Assignments for 29 Jan-5 FebruaryWritten assignments due Thursday, 1 Feb. by 1 pm.
Send me the grammar exercises 32.2 and 32.4 from last week, if you haven't already. My computer's off/on switch was not working and I could not turn on the computer. Yeah, that was a cruel blow, wasn't it? Bet you were all weeping with disappointment.
Do the conjugation 2-3 written exercises sent to your parents. When your conjugations are PERFECT, then you move on to Chapter 32 exercises 32.3, #1-5; and 32.5, #1-4.
Translation: Read and understand the Latin>English passages in chapters 31 and 32. We will cover them in class on 5 Feb.
We will cover the (final) Latin>English reading in chapter 33 and Cena Trimalchionis on 12 Feb. 'Final' means last reading of the book, not the last reading in Latin. No such luck.
On 12 Feb bring both your blue AND yellow books to class. We will finish Part II and you will begin the subjunctive (chapter 34) in Part III (blue).Oh joy! Oh rapture! We will begin the subjunctive mood, mood of ambiguity and improbability! Source of all snark!
Relevant cultural readings: Yes, this means read all the information in English that is sprinkled through the chapters. IT IS ENGLISH AND YOU KNOW HOW TO READ IT, so read it.
February 5, 2018
Since we have done the grammar exercises, the reading assignments for chapters 32 and 33 are the only work to be done for class, ASIDE FROM KNOWING THE DETAILS OF CONJUGATING VERBS IN THE INDICATIVE. Make sure you have read ALL the readings, both Latin and English, in chapters 32 and 33. A quiz is entirely possible over verbs and readings. You can work on both together by carefully reading the readings in Latin and paying attention to the verb constructions.
On Feb 19th we will move into Part III of the Oxford Latin Course, blue book.
I am sorry that I assumed life would proceed normally this month, and that we would have uninterrupted, blissful Latin classes each Monday. Since you have been denied the delights of Latin the week of Feb 19th, due to science stuff, PLEASE BRING YOUR BLUE LATIN BOOK III TO CLASS ON MONDAY, FEB 12TH.
We will meet the Subjunctive next Monday and you can think about it over the 19th. Also bring your yellow Book II and we will read chapters 32 and 33.
February 12, 2018
Quest Latin 2 Assignment for Feb 12-19
Exercises 34.1-34.5 due by 3 pm, FRIDAY, FEB. 16. Yes, this is later than usual because you got the assignment later than usual, thanks to modern computer technology. grrrrr
Translation: Read Mors Ciceronis, p 105 and Scintilla epistolam ad Quintum scribit, p 108. We will read these aloud in class.
Also read all the English cultural background of chapters 32 and 33. Don't pretend that reading English is a major ordeal.
Grammar: WE ARE NOW WORKING IN BOOK III, the blue one. Do Exercises 34.1, 34.2, 34.3, 34.4, 34.5.
Read the grammar explanations of the various uses of the Subjunctive Mood and the Sequence of Tenses carefully. Think about these things for at least 15 minutes after you have read them.
National Latin Exam practice exams are available on the nle.org website. You would do well to take a couple of these for practice. If there are grammar questions that you get spectacularly wrong, go back to your textbook and look up those points of grammar. You may be sure that 2nd year grammar is always one of their favorite exam topics.
I keep hoping we have class on the 19th and we keep not having it.
Do you homework for the 26th.. Send it in by the 22th.
poor old crazy
February 26, 2017
Exercises due by 1 pm, Thursday March 1, in an email document. Finally go the beastly computer somewhat tamed again.
Grammar: Chapter 34.6, 34.7, 34.8 (for extra credit, not required)
Chapter 35.1, 35.2, 35.3, 35.4
Read the new grammar explanations on the indirect command, the sequence of tenses, and the pluperfect subjunctive, pp 131-132. Stop at the passive subjunctive explanation. Enough is as good as a feast.
p. 130, make sure you know the meanings of the pairs of words: ubi?-ubique, unde?-undique, quis?-quisque, uter?-uterque.
Memorize the declension of the relative pronoun quidam, as explained on p. 196.
Look over the Latin > English translations on pp 13-15: Quintus militat, and Lucilius Quintum ad disciplinam militarem instituit. We will take this in chunks in class, as we did today. Be prepared to discuss Roman military life and various points of grammar in class.
National Latin Exam
There are sample exams which you can use to practice for the National Latin Exam the week of March 15. There is not a lot of time until then, so brush up on any weak areas you find when you take the sample exams. Lots of scholarship money is available to people who do well in Latin and are interested in continuing in Latin in college. You don't need to major in Latin to be offered scholarship money based on your Latin skills.
March 5, 2018
Quest Latin 2 Assignments due March 8 by 3 pm.
Finish Chapter 35 with exercises 35.6, 35.7 to hand in as an email .doc on Friday.
Chapter 36: do exercises 36.1, 36. 2, 36. 3, 36. 4 to hand in as an email .doc on Friday.
Read Chapter 37 on the Ablative Absolute, pp 138-139. This is a very interesting way of making writing (and thinking) extremely concise. READ the sentences in 37.2 to get a feel for how the AbAb works. You do not need to write anything down, just look at the AbAb in action. We will delve into this on Monday.
Read everything of cultural relevance written in English in chapters 35-38. That is no major task. Read it at breakfast as you munch toast. The coins in chapter 37 are very interesting.
If you haven't already done so, download the NLE.org practice Latin level II exam and take it. If there are areas in which your skills are wobbly, brush up on those skills.
March 12, 2018
Homework for the week of March 12-19
Written assignments due as email documents by Thursday, March 15 (THE IDES OF MARCH), 1 pm.
Grammar: Chapter 37, exercises 37.4, 37.5, 37.6, 37.7. This is about using Ablative Absolutes, so remember to use them when you can. The phrase in the AbAb cannot be directly linked to the action in the rest of the sentence:
Malo poeta de fenestra iacto, regina gaudebat.
The bad poet having been thrown from the window, the queen rejoiced.
Mustelae malum poetam de fenestra iactum ceperunt et eius carmina ululabant.
The weasels seized the bad poet thrown from the window and howled his poems.
Not an AbAb!
Malo poeta a mustelis ablato, poetica tuta erat.
The bad poet having been carried off by weasels, poetry was safe.
Translation: Read the Latin passages on pp 25-27. We will read them aloud in class on Monday.
Cultural background: Read all the English because it is EASY to read. Don't be lazy slugs.
NLE is held the week of THE IDES OF MARCH. How fitting! Good luck. The best way to study for it is to read and understand the Latin of your weekly lessons. Caesar or Harrius Potter, grammar is grammar.
March 19, 2018
Homework due 1 pm, Thursday, March 22, 2018 by email document. Reading: Chapter 39: read carefully about the Indirect Questions, p 143.
Remember that an Indirect Statement uses Accusative + Infinitive,
while an Indirect Question uses Nominative + Subjunctive.
Read about the Perfect Subjunctive (p 143) and then more on the sequence of tenses (p 144) before working on the grammar exercises.
Notice that the Perfect Subjunctive looks exactly like the Future Perfect Indicative, except in the 1st person singular: -erim
Grammar: Chapter 38 L>E sentences 38.3; remember to use the Ablative Absolute when the sentence permits.
Chapter 39 exercises 39.1, 39.2, 39.3, 39.4.
Translation: Continue reading about the war between Brutus and Octavian, chapter 37, and begin reading chapter 38, pp 26-7 on Quintus's military career, pp 30-1. Of course you know to read all the English parts on Roman history and culture. Don't be a snob and ignore it just because it is only English. You can't have everything in Latin, you know.
March 26, 2018
Assignments for Mar 26-April 2
Written assignments due as .docs, Thursday, March 29, @ 1 pm.Grammar: Chapter 40, exercises 40.2, 40.3, 40.4, 40.5 to be handed in.
CONTINUE to memorize verbs from the Deponent list, and pay attention to the new group of semi-deponent verbs.
Remember that indirect speech takes Acc+infinitive and indirect questions take Nom + subjunctive. Pay attention to what are questions concealed in statements. The is not English!
Translation: Read the Latin passages on pp 42-44. We will go over them in class, so be prepared.
We will also perform the play on p 45, so practice the lines at home.
Have a most blessed Easter. Too bad Easter Monday is not a holiday in the US.
April 2, 2018
Assignments for week of April 2-9
Written exercises due by email as .doc of some form by 1 pm on Thursday, April 5.
Grammar: Chapter 41, exercises 41.2, 41.3, 41.4, 41.5
Remember that an Indirect Statement is used after a verb of saying, thinking, feeling, hoping, etc, but not after interrogatives or verbs of questioning. Indirect Statement takes the form of Accusative + infinitive. It does not appear with quotation marks, because it is not a direct quotation.
We frequently use this same construction in English: His mother tells him he is going to clean his room.
Vocabulary: It ought not be necessary to remind you at this level of study to LEARN THE NEW VOCABULARY AND MAKE VERB CARDS AND LEARN THEM, but people have been ignoring this tiny detail of language acquisition. You cannot do language without a lot of words, so learn the words.
Translation: Quintus carmina facit, p. 49, and Vergilius amicitiam Quinti petit. Try to read the poem on pp 49-50, but don't get frustrated if it seems much harder than reading the prose; it is much harder. Try to read it anyway, though, and to form some basic idea of the subject.
Cultural reading: Horace, pp 52-3. Read it because it is English, and easier to read than Latin.
April 9, 2018
Assignments for week of April 9-16. Written exercises due as a document by Thursday afternoon, April 12
Grammar: Chapter 42, exercises 42.1, 42.2, 42.3
Chapter 43, exercises 43.1, 43.2
Translation: Read over Latin passages in chapter 42, Pompeius ad patriam revenit, pp 54-5 and Quintus Pompeii reditum carmine celebrat, p 55, and be prepared to go over them in class. Try to read the poem on p 56. If you have been attentive to the passage on p 55, it should be doable.
Vocabulary: You should still be bothering to learn the vocabulary in each lesson because without words, grammar is pretty meaningless.
April 16, 2018
April 23, 2018
April 30, 2018